Majuli is a river island in the Brahmaputra River, Assam, India. Though Majuli, is touted in the media and tourist brochures as the largest river island in the world, It is not. The Bananal Island in Brazil is much larger at 19,000 square kilometres. With each passing day the Majuli is in fact shrinking and is at the verge of disappearance if not taken care of. The island once has an area of 1250 square KM but have lost significantly to only 421.65 square KM in 2001.
Originally, the Majoli was a long, narrow piece of land that had the Brahmaputra flowing in the north and the Burhidihing flowing in the south. Frequent earthquakes in the period 1661–1696 and the catastrophic flood in 1750 that continued for 15 days, as a result of which the Brahmaputra split into two branches — one flowing along the original channel and the other flowing along the Burhidihing channel and the Majoli island was formed. As of now the island consist of 144 villages with a population of over 150,000. Although the only mode of association to the outside world is through a ferry service which operates six times a day, modernism has touched this island, with the setting up of medical centres and educational institutions. The island has a its own reasons to make it one of the must visit places in Assam, with blue sky, lush greenery and a culture unique to its own makes it one of the favourite place among tourists
How to Reach Majuli
The island of Majuli is situated at a distance of 200 kilometers to the east of Guwahati, which is the largest city of Assam. , an important town within the state, falls nearest to the island, being hardly 20 kilometers away. For reaching Majuli, you will first have to reach Jorhat, by air, by rail or by road.